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Solstice® HFOs

Solstice® zd - (R-1233zd)

Solstice® zd (R-1233zd) is a nonflammable, ultra-low GWP replacement for R-123 for low pressure centrifugal chillers. It has a GWP of 1 which is 99.9% lower than R-245fa.

Overview
Solstice® zd is a non-flammable, ultra-low GWP replacement for R-123 for low pressure centrifugal chillers. It has a GWP of 1 which is 99.9% lower than R-245fa, making it an environmentally preferable alternative in applications such as Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and high temperature heat pumps.
Specifications

General Information

  • Application
    • Buildings - Chillers -Comfort cooling and heating
    • Data Centers - Liquid Cooling (cold plates, etc.)
    • Data Centers - Room and precision air conditioning
    • Industrial Process - Industrial high temperature heating
    • Industrial Process – Chillers: Low or Medium Temperature
    • Non-mechanical Heat Transfer
    • Organic Rankine Cycle
  • ASHRAE Number
    • R-1233zd
  • Brand
    • Solstice®
  • Chemical Name
    • Trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene
  • Formula
    • (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Glide
    • 0 °F
  • Linear Formula
    • (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Refrigerant Class
    • HFO
  • Refrigerant Type
    • Molecule
  • Replaces
    • R-123
  • Substitutes
    • R-123
  • Typical Lubricant
    • Mineral Oil

Physical Properties

  • Critical Density
    • 480.23 kg/m3
  • Critical Pressure
    • 3.6 MPa
  • Heat of Vaporization
    • 195 kJ/kg at boiling point
  • Liquid Density
    • 1279 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Liquid Thermal Conductivity
    • 76.9 mW/mK at 25°C
  • Liquid Viscosity
    • 470.1 µPa sec y at 25°C
  • Molecular Weight
    • 130.5 lbm/lbmol
  • Saturated Liquid Density
    • 78 lb/ft3 at 86 °F
  • Specific Heat of Liquid
    • 0.298 Btu/lb at 86 °F
  • Specific Heat of Vapor
    • 0.198 Btu/lb at 86 °F and 1 Atm, at Cp
  • Vapor Density
    • 5.7 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Vapor Pressure
    • 129.8 kPa at 25°C hectopascal
  • Vapor Viscosity
    • 11.1 µPa sec at 25°C

Temperature

  • Boiling Point/Range
    • 65 °F at 1 Atm
  • Critical Temperature
    • 165.5℃
  • Freezing Point
    • -107℃ at 101.3 kPa

Safety & Environment

  • Flammable Range
    • Nonflammable, %vol. in air (Based on ASHRAE Standard 34 with Match Ignition)
  • Global Warming Potential
    • 1
  • Ozone Depletion Potential
    • 0

Standards & Approvals

  • ASHRAE Safety Classification
    • A1 (Nonflammable)
  • REACH Product Stewardship
    • Registered

General Information

  • Application
    • Buildings - Chillers -Comfort cooling and heating
    • Data Centers - Liquid Cooling (cold plates, etc.)
    • Data Centers - Room and precision air conditioning
    • Industrial Process - Industrial high temperature heating
    • Industrial Process – Chillers: Low or Medium Temperature
    • Non-mechanical Heat Transfer
    • Organic Rankine Cycle
  • ASHRAE Number
    • R-1233zd
  • Brand
    • Solstice®
  • Chemical Name
    • Trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene
  • Formula
    • (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Glide
    • 0 °F
  • Linear Formula
    • (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Refrigerant Class
    • HFO
  • Refrigerant Type
    • Molecule
  • Replaces
    • R-123
  • Substitutes
    • R-123
  • Typical Lubricant
    • Mineral Oil

Physical Properties

  • Critical Density
    • 480.23 kg/m3
  • Critical Pressure
    • 3.6 MPa
  • Heat of Vaporization
    • 195 kJ/kg at boiling point
  • Liquid Density
    • 1279 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Liquid Thermal Conductivity
    • 76.9 mW/mK at 25°C
  • Liquid Viscosity
    • 470.1 µPa sec y at 25°C
  • Molecular Weight
    • 130.5 lbm/lbmol
  • Saturated Liquid Density
    • 78 lb/ft3 at 86 °F
  • Specific Heat of Liquid
    • 0.298 Btu/lb at 86 °F
  • Specific Heat of Vapor
    • 0.198 Btu/lb at 86 °F and 1 Atm, at Cp
  • Vapor Density
    • 5.7 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Vapor Pressure
    • 129.8 kPa at 25°C hectopascal
  • Vapor Viscosity
    • 11.1 µPa sec at 25°C

Temperature

  • Boiling Point/Range
    • 65 °F at 1 Atm
  • Critical Temperature
    • 165.5℃
  • Freezing Point
    • -107℃ at 101.3 kPa

Safety & Environment

  • Flammable Range
    • Nonflammable, %vol. in air (Based on ASHRAE Standard 34 with Match Ignition)
  • Global Warming Potential
    • 1
  • Ozone Depletion Potential
    • 0

Standards & Approvals

  • ASHRAE Safety Classification
    • A1 (Nonflammable)
  • REACH Product Stewardship
    • Registered
  • Replaces : R-123
  • Brand : Solstice®
  • Typical Lubricant : Mineral Oil
  • Formula : (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Chemical Name : Trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene
  • Application : Buildings - Chillers -Comfort cooling and heating|Data Centers - Liquid Cooling (cold plates, etc.)|Data Centers - Room and precision air conditioning|Industrial Process - Industrial high temperature heating|Industrial Process – Chillers: Low or Medium Temperature|Non-mechanical Heat Transfer|Organic Rankine Cycle
  • Glide : 0 °F
  • Refrigerant Class : HFO
  • ASHRAE Number : R-1233zd
  • Substitutes : R-123
  • Refrigerant Type : Molecule
  • Linear Formula : (E)CF3-CH=CCIH
  • Critical Pressure : 3.6 MPa
  • Vapor Pressure : 129.8 kPa at 25°C hectopascal
  • Specific Heat of Liquid : 0.298 Btu/lb at 86 °F
  • Liquid Viscosity : 470.1 µPa sec y at 25°C
  • Vapor Viscosity : 11.1 µPa sec at 25°C
  • Specific Heat of Vapor : 0.198 Btu/lb at 86 °F and 1 Atm, at Cp
  • Molecular Weight : 130.5 lbm/lbmol
  • Liquid Thermal Conductivity : 76.9 mW/mK at 25°C
  • Critical Density : 480.23 kg/m3
  • Vapor Density : 5.7 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Liquid Density : 1279 kg/m3 at boiling point
  • Saturated Liquid Density : 78 lb/ft3 at 86 °F
  • Heat of Vaporization : 195 kJ/kg at boiling point
  • Critical Temperature : 165.5℃
  • Boiling Point/Range : 65 °F at 1 Atm
  • Freezing Point : -107℃ at 101.3 kPa
  • Flammable Range : Nonflammable, %vol. in air (Based on ASHRAE Standard 34 with Match Ignition)
  • Ozone Depletion Potential : 0
  • Global Warming Potential : 1
  • REACH Product Stewardship : Registered
  • ASHRAE Safety Classification : A1 (Nonflammable)
Technical Note
Name
Description
File Size
Date
Size
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
application/pdf 161.67 KB
10/31/2023
161.67 KB
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
application/pdf 161.67 KB
1/24/2024
161.67 KB
Brochure
Name
Description
File Size
Date
Size
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
application/pdf 4.11 MB
1/24/2024
4.11 MB
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
application/pdf 4.11 MB
10/31/2023
4.11 MB
Name
Description
File Size
Date
Size
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
161.67 KB
10/31/2023
161.67 KB
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
4.11 MB
1/24/2024
4.11 MB
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
161.67 KB
1/24/2024
161.67 KB
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
4.11 MB
10/31/2023
4.11 MB
Name
Description
File Size
Date
Size
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
161.67 KB
10/31/2023
Cylinder storage, accidental spillage, handling, personnel training, offloading procedure
161.67 KB
1/24/2024
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
4.11 MB
1/24/2024
Solstice® zd refrigerant (R-1233zd) - 4th generation molecule for chillers, ORC, high-temp heat pumps
4.11 MB
10/31/2023